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Enough water for a world wide flood?
|Created by Gerard de Vos|
Enough water for Noah’s Flood?
It is recorded in the Bible that Noah’s flood wiped out everything on the earth that was not in the ark. Genesis 7:21 says, “Every living thing that moved on the earth perished - birds, livestock, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and all mankind.” But it is asked: “How could there have been enough water to cover the whole earth? Is this world wide flood in Noah’s day not clearly fiction? Why should one believe that the Bible contains literal history?”
But there are a few problems for those who oppose the Biblical account of a world wide flood:
1. For those who do not believe that there was enough water to cover the earth: It is unlikely that all the water came from rain. According to Genesis 7:11 “...on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.” We understand that the hot interior of the earth would be very dry. But according to L Bergeron, Deep Waters, New Scientist 155(2097):22-26, August 30, 1997, quoted by Creation Magazine, certain minerals, even under the intense heat and pressure deep underground, can store lots of water. It also seems that the hot wet rocks are more unstable than the hot dry rocks. This could explain the outbursts flooding hundreds of thousands of square kilometers (ibid). It is estimated that the water stored in the mantle of the earth, can be as much as 10 to 30 times the amount present in the oceans. So there was plenty of water.
2. In Genesis 7:19-20 we read, “(The waters) rose greatly on the earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered. The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more that twenty feet.” For those who do not believe that there was enough water to cover all the high mountains: We cannot automatically assume that at the time of Noah’s flood all the great mountains were as high as they are now. The following quotations are from Richard Milton, Shattering the Myths of Darwinism, Park Street Press, 1992, p 89-99): In the Alps are numerous sites of past human occupation. At these altitudes grain does not grow and because of the very thin air, people will not live there permanently. There are human artifacts at Wildkirchli nearly 4900 feet above sea level and at Drachenloch some 8000 feet above sea level. There is also the village of Tiahuanacu, in South America, which is 2500 feet above sea level. It is so high, that only mountaineers who are acclimatizing to the altitude stay there. These sights must at present be far above their original level. It cannot be denied that the earth’s mountain chains were formed rapidly. Therefore mountains at that time were probably much lower than at present.
3. For those who do not believe that the flood really was world wide: You find evidence all over the world, of fossils that must have been laid down during cataclysmic flood conditions. In the Siwaliks, the foothills of the Himalayas, at 2000 to 3000 feet above sea level, there are rich beds crammed with fossils. Hundreds of feet of sediment (could an ordinary, local flood have caused such deep sedimentary layers?) are packed with the jumbled bones of scores of extinct species. There is a tortoise of 20 feet long, and elephant species with tusks 14 feet long and 3 feet in circumference. These beds contain the remains of terrestrial, not marine creatures. These fossil beds must have been formed by either rapid mountain building, or high waters (ibid, p 93). In central Oregon we find well rounded quartzites (type of rock) coming from the Continental Divide in Montana, Idaho and British Columbia, over almost level ground. That is a distance of some 300 to 600 miles from the origin, with some of these quartzites weighing more than 90 pounds (Tas Walker, Creation, Vol 28, no 3, June August 2006 p 30-32). This can only be attributed to massive water forces over a vast terrain. Fossil graveyards with very different species together are found all over the world (John C. Whitcomb and Henry Morris, The Genesis Flood - the Biblical record and its scientific implications. P&R Publishing, 1961. p 154-161). These remind us of the words of the song by Buddy Davis, “If there really was a world wide flood, what would the evidence be? Billions of dead things buried in rock layers laid down by water, all over the earth”.
4. For those who do not believe that all the water after a world wide flood could again ‘dry off’. They ask, ‘where did all the water that covered the earth, go to?’ Much of the water must have flowed into the oceans. For example the ‘seamounts’ (drowned islands in the middle of the oceans), and the massive submarine canyons like the one extending from the mouth of the Hudson river. ‘Can we, as seekers after truth, shut our eyes any longer to the obvious fact that large areas of sea floor have sunk vertical distances measured in miles?’ (Dr K K Landes, as quoted by J Whitcomb and H Morris, The Genesis Flood, R&R Publishing, 1961, p 126). What other cause could there be for these, than that the oceans rose because masses of water flowed into them?
Scientists differ in their interpretation, since they are influenced by their world view. No scientist was present at the time of the flood. It is difficult to disprove the Bible’s account of Noah’s flood.