In the Bible we meet the angel Gabriel, a messenger from God. Mohammad claimed that the angel Gabriel gave him his revelations. The question is: are the two Gabriels the same person? The answer is, No! There is a fundamental difference between the two angelic persons.
The Gabriel of the Bible
- He appeared to Daniel twice, in Daniel 8:16 and 9:21. In both cases the messages he brought had to do with history. Note that Daniel lived in Babylon during the time of Nebuchadnezzar and his successors, the Medo-Persians, who conquered the Babylonian kingdom. The meaning of the vision Daniel saw had to do with the Medo-Persian and Grecian empires, the death of Alexander the Great and the four generals who took over his kingdom (Daniel 8:15-26). During his second appearance the angel Gabriel gave Daniel insight and understanding about the Jewish nation and their expected Messiah (Daniel 9:21-27).
- In New Testament times, when the Romans controlled Palestine, Gabriel appeared to Zachariah the priest when he was busy in the temple in Jerusalem, to announce to him that his wife, Elizabeth was going to have a son (Luke 1:11-20). Afterwards he appeared to Mary who lived in Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to tell her that she was going to be the virgin mother of the long awaited Messiah (Luke 1:26-33).
As can be seen, all Gabriel's appearances and messages had to do with history. It was not merely claimed that he appeared, the circumstances and the substances of his messages can all be verified by some study into the history of those times.
The Gabriel of the Koran
Historical results of the messages of the Gabriel of the Koran are conspicuously absent in the book of Mohammad. That means only one thing. If it was the Gabriel of the Bible who appeared to Mohammad, he would have acted in a recognizable way: his message would have been given in a historical milieu that can be corroborated in history.
Christians have to understand it very well. The difference between the two books is so great that they can never be compared. The difference between the two Gabriels is so big, because they are not the same angelic person.