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Is Science influenced by religion?
|Created by Gerard de Vos|
Category: Evolution related
The physical world we experience runs according to fixed laws. The scientist tries to understand these laws. An example would be that we observe that plants grow in soil, but water and sunlight is necessary. The scientist would like to know what is the role of the soil, the water and the sunlight. In investigating this, he would repeatedly experiment to find out what laws govern it. By repeated experiments, where he observes, and measures, and analyzes, he can formulate laws that can then be applied for the benefit of mankind. One probable benefit would be to increase plant production per hectare and thus produce more food for the consumer market. The tremendous growth in science technology has many advantages for us today. We are surrounded by it - electricity, computers, satellites, high tech communications, efficient factories and cars.
We find scientists engaged in various disciplines: biochemistry, chemistry, biology, physics, physiology, and others. They are all trying to unravel the mysteries of nature, and find out how to harness it for the benefit of humanity. Without scientists in our time, life would be much more uncomfortable.
Science is exact and precise. To do research scientists usually need academic qualifications? But is the scientist’s age, sex, nationality or religious persuasion of any importance in his job? No. Scientific methodology has nothing to do with the scientist’s private convictions. Science must accord with scientific principles, and nothing else. The Russian scientist cannot have a different way of doing science than the one in India. Manganese in Russia cannot become iron in India, etc. If it is a scientific fact that the blood can absorb oxygen in the lungs of an animal and transport it to the cells, then nothing that a scientist believes or does can change it. The Periodic Column will be the same all over the world. Water consists of two molecules of hydrogen and one molecule of oxygen everywhere. This means that science is independent of the scientist’s personal opinions, religious persuasion or nationality.
To repeat: Science operates independently of one’s religious persuasion, whether Christian, Muslim, Hindu, atheist, or agnostic. Whether one believes in a Creator God, Allah, chance, or Krishna, has no influence since science is the systematic study of the nature and behaviour of the material and physical universe, based on observation, experiment and measurement, and the formulation of laws to describe these facts in general terms (Collins English Dictionary). This means that Newton’s law of gravitation will not change because the researcher is an atheist, or believer, or Muslim or animist. Neither will the process of photosynthesis.
Conclusion: Science is not influenced by the religion, political persuasion or nationality of the scientist. It is governed by precise methods, and most researchers publish their findings so any deviation from established scientific methods will be picked up quickly.
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